立即捐款

國際

5G商用進入衝刺階段,看中國

5G商用進入衝刺階段,看中國
廣告

廣告

4G 的國際命名為LTE,5G為New Radio (NR)(註1)。

2017年12月3PPG通過了5G的非獨立組網功能,今天它通過了獨立組網功能,意味著全球的5G主要角逐者可以進入其商用階段。

The 3rd Generation Partnership Project(3GPP),由七個電信標準開發組織組成,以生成和定義通信上的國際技術報告和規範。

5G的全球主要角逐者大概有中國、美國、歐盟、日本和南韓。其中,中國是唯一的真正地由國家介入。在這場合,國家主義有一定優勢,因為它可以“若要成功先要瘋,頭腦簡單向前衝 ── 輸光了也不關我的事。中興、華為雖然是一國際大笑話,中國人聽不到的。況且,這影響不到中國建設其5G發射站(共享)、軟件平台、雲端服務、物流網、收費方式、操作系統等等。但有一個問題,2019年開始試商用,中國有否真正的自己的5G手機。

中國的未來主要的傳統行業已決定以互聯網主導,因此,盡快進入5G是一個合理的國策,這必然牽動香港。當中問題將迫使本土論述正視,不能泛政治地討論。

人民日報(註2)撰文,“按照工信部部署,我國將於2020年實現5G商用。目前,中國移動、中國電信、中國聯通三家基礎電信運營商企業已分別在國內多個城市展開5G試點,並計畫於2019年開始試商用,5G手機也計畫在明年推出。”

完整版5G標準正式出臺的通訊業的重大里程。600多名來自世界的主要電信運營商,網絡,終端和芯片組供應商,互聯網公司和其他垂直行業公司的名代表出席了5G發佈會的這一歷史性時刻。

值得留意的是發佈會的各主要參加者的發言,當中被官方網站引述的50位被訪者,中國的佔了10位。我們看看它們說什麼吧!

部份發言
中国信息通信研究院

「MT-2020(5G)推廣小組將與行業合作夥伴合作推動5G的部署和發展」

電信科學技術研究院

「隨著5G商業化進入最後衝刺階段,大唐電信集團將繼續努力推動5G在全球商業上的成功。」

華為

「華為將積極投入5G關鍵技術和產品的研發,繼續與全球行業合作夥伴合作,推動全球5G商用部署和產業生態系統的實施。」

小米

「小米將繼續為5G工業應用的發展作出貢獻。」

中興通訊

「中興通訊將繼續與行業合作夥伴攜手合作,為全球數字發展做出貢獻。」

備註

註一

New Radio (NR) Is the Name of the Air Interface

The wording New Radio or 5G NR might not be the most original, but it’s what the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is calling the output of Release 15. NR is equivalent to how the mobile communications industry has used LTE to describe 4G technology or UMTS to describe 3G technology. The draft specifications for Release 15 were approved in December 2017 and are expected to be finalized in mid-2019. Release 15 is just the start, as it establishes only phase one of a 5G mobile communication standard. Release 16 provides specifications for a second phase and is expected to be finalized in December 2019.

註二

商用進入全面衝刺階段

《 人民日報 》( 2018年06月15日 02 版)

本報北京6月14日電 (記者王政)14日,3GPP(第三代合作夥伴項目)在美國舉行全體會議,正式批准凍結第五代移動通信技術標準(5G NR)獨立組網功能。鑒於5G非獨立組網標準已於去年12月凍結,至此,第一階段全功能完整版5G標準正式出臺,5G商用進入全面衝刺階段。

按照工信部部署,我國將於2020年實現5G商用。目前,中國移動、中國電信、中國聯通三家基礎電信運營商企業已分別在國內多個城市展開5G試點,並計畫於2019年開始試商用,5G手機也計畫在明年推出。

註三

Anritsu Corporation, Asia Pacific Telecom, AT&T, British Telecom, CAICT , CATT, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Chunghwa Telecom, Deutsche Telekom, DISH Network, Ericsson, Fujitsu Limited, Huawei, Intel Corporation, InterDigital, Keysight Technologies, KDDI Corporation, KT Corp, KYOCERA Corporation, Lenovo, LG Electronics, LG Uplus, MediaTek, Microelectronics Technology Inc., Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, NEC Corporation, Nokia, NTT DOCOMO, INC., OPPO, Orange, Panasonic Corporation, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., Rohde-Schwarz, Samsung Electronics, Sharp Corporation, SK Telecom, SoftBank Corp., Sony Mobile Communications Inc., Spirent Communications, StarPoint, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., TIM, Unisoc, Verizon, VIAVI, vivo, Vodafone, Xiaomi, ZTE

註四

CAICT:

中国信息通信研究院

中国信息通信研究院(工信部电信研究院),前身为邮电部邮电科学研究院(始建于1957年),1994年正式组院,现为工业和信息化部直属科研事业单位,是国家在信息通信领域(ICT)最重要的支撑单位以及工业和信息化部综合政策领域主要依托单位。

Ms. Wang Zhiqin, Deputy Director of the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology (CAICT), said: “The on-time delivery of the first version of 5G specifications does not come easily. It is the result of wisdom and sweat of people who has devoted themselves to 5G standardization. The new end-to-end business capability of 5G will become an essential engine to open up an era where everything is inter-connected. IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group is going to work with industrial partners to promote the successful deployment and development of 5G.”

CATT:

電信科學技術研究院

郵電部郵電科學技術研究院建立於1957年11月1日。1964年,主持了6401工程會戰。1993年底,在當時的常務副部長朱高峰的力主下,分拆為電信科學技術研究院、電信科學規劃研究院、郵政科學技術研究院。

收益: 220.4 億人民幣

淨收入: 1.35 億人民幣

上級機構: 國務院國有資產監督管理委員會

總資產: 443.8 億人民幣

Chen Shanzhi, the Vice President of Datang Telecom Group (CATT), said: “The success of 5G NR first full specification comes from the joint efforts of the industry. SA operation can be regarded as a prerequisite of 5G supporting both mobile internet and IoT, and also an accelerator for 5G successful commercialization and even a multiplier for 5G showing its social value. Therefore, the successful completion of SA specification has laid a foundation for the overall launch of 5G industry. With 5G commercialization entering the final sprint phase, Datang Telecom Group will continuously endeavor to promote 5G into global commercial success.”

Huawei:

Yang Chaobin, president of Huawei 5G product line, said: “With the development of 5G NR standardization, We are pleased to cooperate with global organizations to reach a great milestone that 3GPP 5G NR specification of Standalone(SA) have been completed, which is a critical step forward for the 5G standardization and industry ecosystem. Huawei will positively invest on the research and development of 5G key technology and product, continue cooperating with global industry partner, and promote the implementation of 5G commercial deployment and health industry ecosystem worldwide. ”

Xiaomi

Mr. Wang Xiang, the senior VP of Xiaomi, said:” Xiaomi always adheres to the concept of “Let everyone in the world to enjoy the fun of science and technology”. With this concept in mind, we have been actively participating in the 5G standardization. 5G will provide a broader platform and market for industrial applications. By making full use of the advantages of its ecological system and 5G technology, Xiaomi will continue to make contributions to the development of 5G industrial applications. “

ZTE:

Mr. Zhang Jianguo, Senior Vice President of ZTE Corporation, said: “The complete Phase-I 5G standard published on schedule has embodied collective wisdom and painstaking efforts of operators and industrial partners, and will definitely accelerate the global 5G industrial process. A more open, agile, and smart high-speed full-connectivity era is coming in the blink of an eye. The development of enterprises and industrial applications will benefit the whole society. ZTE will continue to work together with industrial partners to make a contribution to global digital development.”

廣告