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國際特赦組織: 是誰仍在水深火熱中?──海嘯後的亞齊

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Sarah Carmichael

國際特赦組織多年來一直關注捍衛人權者在亞齊省的人身安全。亞齊的人權份子積極推動保障當地人的人權時,亦飽受恐嚇、騷擾、無理拘留、以及嚴刑拷問等威脅。這些情況不但沒有因海嘯而有所改變,反而因為亞齊省的基建被這場海嘯徹底摧毀,導致國際視線不再集中在這些個案上。國際特赦組織相信,在沒有國際社會成員進駐的地方,侵犯人權的情況仍然非常嚴重。

其中一個例子就是Farid Faqih,他是一個監察政府組織的主席,同時亦是聯合國糧食項目的承辦商。

二00五年的一月二十七日,印尼空軍軍官以偷取海嘯災民的救援物資罪名而拘捕Faqih。據印尼軍方所言,Faqih於0五年一月,在班達亞齊機場的中央倉庫偷取藥物,以及逾百的煮食用具及其他救援物資,在他管理的三個貨倉內也搜出大批救援物資。Faqih否認有關控罪,並解釋為免雨水浸濕救援物資,才將物品放置於離班達亞齊不遠的貨倉內。

Faqih被捕前曾被士兵嚴重毆打,他正在上訴,辯稱他只是在保護國有財產。國際特赦組織仍然未清楚有多少士兵因為毆打他人而被調查。

Faqih曾批評當地官員把失蹤人數誇大,以獲取更多援助。他發表言論後不久就被捕。Faqih認為自己是無辜的,而監察政府組織的代表則指出Faqih只是想保護救援物資,並沒有偷取的意圖。

Farid Faqih已被判了一年五個月的刑期,在等候上訴期間暫被釋放。

請寫信給印尼總統,以及律政及人權部長:

  • 對Farid Faqih於被捕前被一眾印尼軍人毆打表示關注及要求有關方面保證他的人生安全;
  • 對Farid Faqih 可能因反對貪污而進行的和平活動再度被捕、扣留及要求有關方面對他被扣留時的情況進行獨立調查;
  • 提醒有關方面保護人權捍衛者是他們的責任,令到他們不會在進行合法及和平的工作時人權受到侵犯;
  • 要求有關當局如聯合國聲明一樣,認真處理及保證捍衛人權者的人生安全。這包括給予軍方成員適當的指示,保證捍衛人權者的人權不會被侵犯,即無理的拘捕及虐待,及邀請聯合國關於人權捍衛者的特別代表到印尼進行探訪。

地址:

總統
Mr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Istana Merdeka
Jakarta 10110
Indonesia
Fax: + 62 21 345 2685/+ 62 21 52 68726/+ 62 21 380 5511
presiden[at]ri.go.id

律政及人權部長
Mr Hamid Awaluddin
Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav No. 4-5
Kuningan
Jakarta Selatan 12950
Indonesia
Fax: + 62 21 525 3095(w)/ + 62 21 310 4149/+ 62 21 522 5036

Original English version
Aceh post-tsunami: human rights defenders at risk
by Sarah Carmichael

Amnesty International has been extremely concerned about the safety of human rights defenders in Aceh for many years. Local activists, working to protect the human rights of others have long been at risk of intimidation, harassment, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and extra-judicial execution. This situation has not changed since the tsunami, though widespread destruction of Aceh’s infrastructure means that reports of intimidation of human rights defenders have been scarce. However, AI believes that many remain at risk of serious human rights violations, especially in areas where there is no international presence.

One example of a tsunami-related attack on a human rights defender is the case of Farid Faqih, the chairman of Government Watch, a non-governmental corruption watchdog, and a contractor for the United Nations Food Program.

On 27 January 2005, Farid Faqih (m) was arrested by Indonesian air force officers and accused of having stolen aid relief for tsunami victims. According to a spokesman for the Indonesian military, Farid Faqih improperly removed medical supplies, hundreds of cooking stoves and other aid from the central depot of Banda Aceh airport in January 2005. Large quantities of aid related goods were found in three warehouses that he operated. Faqih denied the charges of theft and reportedly told his interrogators that he had kept the goods at a warehouse just outside Banda Aceh to prevent them from being soaked in the rain.

Farid Faqih was severely beaten by soldiers before his arrest. On 23 March 2005, Captain Syuaib, one of the soldiers, was sentenced to three months in jail by the Banda Aceh Military Court. He is currently appealing the Court’s decision, saying he was just protecting property belonging to the state. Amnesty International remains unaware of any other soldiers being under investigation due to the beatings.

Farid Faqih was arrested just a few days after claiming that the number of Internally-Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the camps had been exaggerated in order to allow local officials to get more tsunami aid. He has claimed that he is innocent of the charges against him. Government Watch representatives assert that Farid Faqih had not stolen the aid but only wanted to remove it for safekeeping.

Farid Faqih has been sentenced to 1 year and 5 months imprisonment. He is currently free pending appeal.

Please write politely worded letters to the President and the Minister for Justice and Human Rights

  • Expressing concern that Farid Faqih was beaten by a member of the Indonesian security forces before his arrest, and calling for the authorities to guarantee his safety;
  • Expressing concerns that Farid Faqih may have been arrested, detained and tried solely on account of his peaceful campaigning activities against corruption, and calling on the authorities to carry out an independent investigation into the circumstances of his arrest;
  • Reminding the authorities of their obligation to protect human rights defenders so they can carry out their legitimate and peaceful work without fear of being subjected to human rights violations;
  • Calling on the authorities to take concrete measures to guarantee the security of human rights defenders as guaranteed in the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders. This would include issuing instructions to members of the security forces to ensure that human rights defenders are not subjected to human rights violations, including arbitrary arrest and torture, and inviting the UN Special Representative on Human Rights Defenders to visit Indonesia, including NAD.

Addresses:

President
Mr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Istana Merdeka
Jakarta 10110
Indonesia
Fax: + 62 21 345 2685/+ 62 21 52 68726/+ 62 21 380 5511
presiden[at]ri.go.id
Form of address: Dear President,

Minister for Justice and Human Rights
Mr Hamid Awaluddin
Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav No. 4-5
Kuningan
Jakarta Selatan 12950
Indonesia
Fax: + 62 21 525 3095(w)/ + 62 21 310 4149/+ 62 21 522 5036
Form of address: Mr--, /Dear Minister,

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