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美聯社贏官司美國防部披露多名關塔那摩囚犯身份

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梁文道的文章寫得合時。面對布殊政府自闢「例外狀態」為所欲為,將近五百人丟進古巴關塔那摩基地的黑洞,美國傳媒終於發揮了一點抗衡的力量,美聯社與國防部打了一場超過年半的官司,要求國防部公開被扣押人士的身份和審問內容,到二月底終於勝訴。國防部抗辯的理由是,披露被扣押人士的身份「違反他們的私隱權」──我的,天!幸好紐約地方法院法官rakoff仍有點常識,拒絕接受這種布殊邏輯。



美聯社搞了二十四小時,整理出近四十人的資料。我以下將手頭有的名單以國籍分類,嘩,原來有四個跟我們一樣,是中華人民共和國公民。有兩個講到明係要對抗中國共產黨政權。有中國公民被美國政府非法無限期扣留,唔知北京是否打算像其他的伊斯蘭國家一聲不吭?

國防部平時公關做足,乜都包裝到好好睇睇。這次則回歸本性,五千幾頁檔案扔給美聯社,嗱,自己慢慢睇啦。美聯社一班記者編輯馬上發了瘋似的整理檔案,希望理出個名單來。國防部沒有交出名單,只有一份份口供檔案,亦不肯回應個別查詢,不肯講某人是否已經獲釋。我們知道的是,目前有大約四百九十人被關在關塔那摩,很多已經被關接近四年,但只有十個人被正式起訴。

參考資料:人權監察關於中國西北部宗教自由的報告

阿富汗

_ Abdul Rahim Muslimdost, a native of Afghanistan, worked as a
journalist for newspapers and magazines in Pakistan. U.S.
authorities accused him of being a member of a Muslim militant
group. He admits to membership, but says he had joined to fight the
Russians to help drive them from his country. He denied the
accusation that he had an al-Qaida contact in the province of Herat.
Unknown whether still in custody.

_Mohammed Gul, a farmer and gas station owner in his native
Afghanistan, was captured and held on suspicion of links to Taliban
forces about 6 weeks after he returned to his home country from
Saudi Arabia, where he had lived for three years and worked as a
driver. He told the tribunal that he had only returned to
Afghanistan to take care of his sick wife and he urged the tribunal
to release him. ``I don't want to spend any more time here, not one
more minute,'' he said.

_Zahir Shah, of Afghanistan, was accused of being a member of an
Islamic militant group, Hizb-I-Islamic, and of having automatic
weapons and a grenade launcher in his house. He acknowledged having
rifles for protection, but insisted he did not fight against
American troops.

_Mahbub Rahman, of Afghanistan, was accused of spying on American
forces, shooting an Afghan soldier and two civilians, and being
caught with two automatic rifles. He told the tribunal that he had
only one weapon for his personal protection and that the shooting
was in self-defense.

_Naibullah Darwaish, of Afghanistan, was accused of being the
Taliban-appointed police chief for the Shinkai district in
Afghanistan's Zabol Province, Afghanistan. Married with seven
children but without any formal education, Darwaish said he fought
for years with the mujahedeen against the Russians, as did the
governor who appointed him chief, but denies that he or the governor
was associated with Taliban, al-Qaida or Islamic terror groups.

_Mesh Arsad Al Rashid said he went to Afghanistan to help Muslims
fight against former northern warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum, now the
Afghan army chief of staff, and Ahmed Shah Massood, an anti-Taliban
Afghan military commander slain Sept. 9, 2001. ``I did not know my
training would be considered al-Qaida training. I was trying to help
Muslims,'' said Rashid, who gave no country of origin. ``I am not
from the Taliban, I'm just a person, a helper. I was going to fight
against Dostum.''

_Habib Noor, a resident of Lalmai, Afghanistan, with family in
Saudi Arabia, is accused of owning a compound that attackers fled to
after ambushing U.S. special forces and Afghan military forces. A
brother of his is suspected of participating in the fighting. Noor
says he is mentally unstable. He insisted he was unaware of the
incident that day, which he spent at work as a vendor in the Lalmai
village bazaar, in Khowst province. ``I was just making sacks to
sell at the bazaar to make money for my family,'' Noor said. ``I
would like to go home because I am worried about them.''

_Mahbub Rahman, of Afghanistan, was accused of spying on American
forces, shooting an Afghan soldier and two civilians, and being
caught with two automatic rifles. He told the tribunal that he had
only one weapon for his personal protection and that the shooting
was in self-defense.

_Naibullah Darwaish, of Afghanistan, was accused of being the
Taliban-appointed police chief for the Shinkai district in
Afghanistan's Zabol Province, Afghanistan. Married with seven
children but without any formal education, Darwaish said he fought
for years with the mujahedeen against the Russians, as did the
governor who appointed him chief, but denies that he or the governor
was associated with Taliban, al-Qaida or Islamic terror groups.

_Mesh Arsad Al Rashid said he went to Afghanistan to help Muslims
fight against former northern warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum, now the
Afghan army chief of staff, and Ahmed Shah Massood, an anti-Taliban
Afghan military commander slain Sept. 9, 2001. ``I did not know my
training would be considered al-Qaida training. I was trying to help
Muslims,'' said Rashid, who gave no country of origin. ``I am not
from the Taliban, I'm just a person, a helper. I was going to fight
against Dostum.''

_ Abdul Rahim Muslimdost, a native of Afghanistan, worked as a
journalist for newspapers and magazines in Pakistan. U.S.
authorities accused him of being a member of a Muslim militant
group. He acknowledged being a member, but says he had joined to
fight the Russians to help drive them from his country. He denied
the accusation that he served as an al-Qaida contact in the
province
of Herat.

_Mohammed Sharif, a native of Sherberghan, Afghanistan, was
accused of serving as a guard at a Taliban camp. He denied being a
guard, and said he had been captured by the Taliban and put to work.
He said he feared punishment and retribution against his family if
he fled. Sharif denied any knowledge of al-Qaida and asked the
tribunal repeatedly to produce the (classified) evidence against
him, so that he might respond. ``What could you have possibly done,
that we might discover some of those facts?'' Sharif is asked.
``That's my point,'' he responds. ``There are no facts. ... this is
ridiculous. I know for a fact there is no proof.''

中國

_Abdul Gappher, an ethnic Uighur from western China, was accused
of traveling to Afghanistan to join the Islamic Movement of
Uzbekistan. Gappher denied that, saying he was in Afghanistan to
``get some training to fight back against the Chinese government,''
and had nothing against the United States. He testified that his own
``people and my own family are being tortured under the Chinese
government.'' He was captured by in Pakistan, where he said the
police ``sold us to the U.S. government.''

_Abdel Abdulhehim is an ethnic Uighur who left China because of
government prosecution. He was headed to Turkey for better economic
conditions, but ended up in Afghanistan and trained at the Uighur
training camp at Tora Bora where he learned how to fire an AK-47.
U.S. authorities say the camp was funded by Taliban and Osama bin
Laden, but he says he went there to learn how to fight against
Chinese if he had to return home someday.

_Arkin Mahmud, a Chinese Muslim Uighur who traveled to
Afghanistan in August 2001, was captured by the Northern Alliance as
a suspected Taliban fighter. He was at the Mazar-e-Shariff prison in
November 2001 during a riot when a CIA officer, Johnny ``Mike''
Spann, was killed. He said that he had only gone to Afghanistan to
look for his brothers. ``If I am guilty they should come up with my
punishment,'' he told the tribunal ``Otherwise, do something faster
to finish my case.''

_Akhdar Qasem Basit traveled from his home in China through
Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan to reach Afghanistan's Tora Bora region for
training at an Uighur military camp. The U.S. alleges the camp,
which was bombed by U.S. forces, was operated by the East Turkistan
Islamic Movement with funding from bin Laden and the Taliban. Basit
said he did not know the Taliban was involved and that he did not
receive military training before the camp was struck. ``After the
bombing we could not stay there so we ran off in to the mountains to
take shelter in caves,'' he said. The tribunal pressed Basit for
details: ``Did you ever fire a weapon or help someone fire a weapon
at U.S. or coalition forces?'' His response: ``That is a funny
question. When we were in that place we did not see any U.S. or
coalition forces against us. We did not see anyone we could fire
at.''

巴基斯坦

_Saifullah A. Paracha, a multimillionaire businessman from
Karachi, Pakistan, was arrested on arrival in Bangkok, Thailand, in
July 2003, held in isolation for 14 months in Afghanistan and then
sent to Guantanamo. A computer science graduate of the New York
Institute of Technology, he acknowledged meeting Osama bin Laden
twice during visits of prominent Pakistani groups to Afghanistan,
but denied all high-level offenses he's been accused of, which
include making investments for al-Qaida members, translating
statements from bin Laden into Urdu, joining in a plot to smuggle
explosives into the U.S. and recommending that nuclear weapons be
used against U.S. soldiers. Told that he'd eventually be given a
chance to pursue his case in U.S. courts, he asks: ``I've been here
17 months _ would that be before I expire?'' He is told: ``I would
certainly hope so, especially since you are under the care of the
U.S. government.''

_Saifullah A. Paracha, a multimillionaire businessman from
Karachi, Pakistan, was arrested on arrival in Bangkok, Thailand, in
July 2003, held in isolation for 14 months in Afghanistan and then
sent to Guantanamo. A computer science graduate of the New York
Institute of Technology, he acknowledged meeting bin Laden twice
during visits of prominent Pakistani groups to Afghanistan, but
denied all high-level offenses he's been accused of, which include
making investments for al-Qaida members, translating statements from
bin Laden into Urdu, joining in a plot to smuggle explosives into
the U.S. and recommending that nuclear weapons be used against U.S.
soldiers. Told that he'd eventually be given a chance to pursue his
case in U.S. courts, he asks: ``I've been here 17 months _ would
that be before I expire?'' He is told: ``I would certainly hope so,
especially since you are under the care of the U.S. government.''

_Habib Rasool, of Pakistan, says he settled in Afghanistan in
2001 shortly before the Taliban took him from his house to a
compound at Konduz. Held against their will, people at the compound
were selected by lottery to fight for the Taliban. Rasool said his
number never came up before the Taliban surrendered to the
Northern
Alliance. He has been a prisoner ever since, in Afghanistan and then
Cuba.

英國

_Feroz Ali Abbasi, the British detainee who submitted written
complaints that military police had sex in front of him while he was
trying to pray, tried repeatedly in his ``enemy combatant'' hearing
to explain why he should be considered a prisoner of war and thus
entitled to better treatment. But an Air Force colonel, whose
identity remains blacked out, would have none of it. ``Your conduct
is unacceptable and this is your absolute final warning. I do not
care about International Law. I do not want to hear the words
International Law again. We are not concerned about International
Law,'' the colonel insisted before having Abbasi removed from the
hearing so that the military could consider classified evidence
against him.

_British detainee Moazzam Begg refused to attend a tribunal
hearing. His personal representative said Begg was tortured by FBI
agents in Afghanistan and has been interrogated hundreds of times.
Begg was transferred from Pakistan to the United States in March
2002, according to his father.

_Bisher al-Rawi, a British resident who holds an Iraqi passport,
was arrested in Gambia and turned over to U.S. authorities. He and
two friends, Jamil el-Banna and Omar Deghayes, were suspected of
links to al-Qaida and the radical Muslim cleric Abu Qatada. He told
the tribunal that he is from a wealthy family and that he had gone
to Gambia with his brother to open a peanut processing factory. The
detainee, who said he had provided information about the Muslim
community in Britain to the British intelligence agency MI5 in the
past, described the Abu Qatada as a friend and that he had helped
the cleric find an apartment.

也門

_Abdullah Mohammed Al-Hamiri, of Yemen, was accused of
association with al-Qaida; of participating in military training
camp in Kandahar, Afghanistan, from July through September 2001; and
of speaking with bin Laden at a safe house. He was captured by
Pakistani forces with a group of Arab fighters while attempting to
flee Afghanistan in December 2001. ``All of those charges he said
were made up in order to keep him and other Muslims at this camp,''
his legal representative said.

_ Emad Abdalla, a 25-year-old student from Yemen, was captured at
a university dorm in Faisalabad, where he was studying the Quran. He
is accused of traveling to Afghanistan to participate in jihad,
being trained at Al-Farouq camp and going to Kandahar and the Tora
Bora region. He has was captured with up to 15 others, and spent
only 19 days in Afghanistan before being taken to Guantanamo Bay.

沙特阿拉伯

_Abdul Hakim Bukhary, from Saudi Arabia, denied joining al-Qaida
but said he met bin Laden 14 or 15 years ago while on jihad in
Russia. He traveled to Afghanistan to participate in jihad against
the United States after Sept. 11, 2001, but was jailed by the
Taliban before he could fight any Americans. The Taliban suspected
him of being a spy after he said he liked Northern Alliance leader
Massoud. After the U.S. invaded, he was sent to Guantanamo, where he
said conditions were much improved. ``Prisoners here are in
paradise. American people are very good. Really. They give us three
meals. Fruit juice and everything!'' Still, he said, he wanted to be
freed and returned to his family.

伊拉克

_Bisher al-Rawi, a British resident who holds an Iraqi passport,
was arrested in Gambia and turned over to U.S. authorities. He and
two friends, Jamil el-Banna and Omar Deghayes, were suspected of
links to al-Qaida and the radical Muslim cleric Abu Qatada. He told
the tribunal that he is from a wealthy family and that he had gone
to Gambia with his brother to open a peanut processing factory. The
detainee, who said he had provided information about the Muslim
community in Britain to the British intelligence agency MI5 in the
past, described the Abu Qatada as a friend and that he had helped
the cleric find an apartment.

科威特

_Abdulaziz Sayer, a Kuwaiti who studied at the Imam Mohamed Bin
Saud Islamic University, has a degree in Islamic law. He met a man
while worshipping in Mecca, who said Sayer should go to Afghanistan
to teach the Quran. He entered Afghanistan through Iran in October
2001, and did charity work in Afghanistan. His name was found on a
computer hard drive after coalition forces raided a house. He denies
being a member of al-Qaida or the Taliban.

_Mohammed Fenaitel told the tribunal he traveled from his native
Kuwait to Afghanistan two days before the Sept. 11 attacks to see
how his charitable donations were being spent. He lost his passport
in Afghanistan and was smuggled into Pakistan, where he hoped to
reach the Kuwaiti Embassy. He said smugglers sold him to Pakistani
authorities. ``Of course they pictured us as terrorists and turned
us over to the United States,'' he said.

_ Nasir Najr Nasir Balud Al Mutayri is accused of associating
with the Taliban and engaging in hostilities with the United States,
which he denies. He went from Kuwait to Afghanistan about a year
before the Sept. 11 attacks and was accused of being on the front
lines in the fight against the Northern Alliance, which teamed up
with U.S.-led international forces to oust the Taliban. But Mutayri
said he was there practicing a form of worship encouraged in Islam
that teaches patience. He denied being a member of the Taliban or
al-Qaida and said if sent back to Kuwait he would not return to
Afghanistan.

阿爾及利亞

_Boudella al Hajj, an Algerian clergyman, worked with orphans in
Bosnia for a humanitarian organization and the Bosnian army. He is
accused of being in contact with known al-Qaida member Abu Zubaydah
and of being a member of an Algerian militant group _ all of which
he denies. He was also accused of planning to attack the U.S.
Embassy in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, but was acquitted before
being handed over to the United States.

法國

_ Redouane Khalid, a French citizen of Algerian heritage,
traveled to Afghanistan on July 22, 2001, because he said he wanted
to live in a Muslim society. He was captured in a mosque in Pakistan
and is accused of traveling to a Taliban camp in
Kandahar,
Afghanistan, for training. According to his legal representative, he
was at a house in Kandahar and was attempting to return to France
after hearing of the Sept. 11 attacks. He has hepatitis C and
scoliosis, the representative said.

敘利亞

_ Maasoum Abdah was accused of being a member of the Taliban. A
Syrian, he said he traveled to Afghanistan in 2000 to find a wife,
get married and stay there for a couple of years because it's
cheaper than Syria. He also was accused of operating a safe house
that contained AK-47 rifles. He denied it was a safe house or that
there were weapons. He was arrested crossing the border into
Pakistan.

未知國籍

_ An alleged Taliban member, Awal Gul turned himself to the
Northern Alliance in Kabul, Afghanistan, on Feb. 10, 2002. He is
accused not only being member of the Taliban but also of associating
with bin Laden on three different occasions. Gul, who says he only
shook hands with bin Laden, testified that he ran a Taliban camp in
Jalalabad, Afghanistan. ``I don't have anything against the
United
States, and I don't want the United States to have anything against

_Jamal Alawi, accused of working for Al-Wafa, a charity with
links to al-Qaida, but says he only bought medicine for them. The
U.S. also said he was the director of a charity considered to have
al-Qaida connections. He denies being director, but said he was a
representative. He said he knows nothing about the organization
being linked to al-Qaida, that he was merely a charity worker.

_ Ehsanullah Peerzaie was detained by U.S. forces in Klianjki,
Afghanistan. He was carrying a list of known Taliban members and
Taliban radio codes, both written on crumpled pieces of scrap paper,
the U.S. said. Peerzaie denied being a member of the Taliban,
saying, ``I am George Bush's soldier. I have never helped any
Taliban and neither would I now.''

_ Sa Ad Al Azmi is accused of working for the Al-Wafa, a charity
with links to al-Qaida, in Kabul, Afghanistan, for three months. He
said he visited the organization to find a friend from his hometown
and never worked there. Addressing allegations that he was arrested
in Karachi with a known member of al-Qaida, who owned a safe house
there, he said, ``As far as I know, Al Zamel has no ties to
al-Qaida.'' He also was accused of being an Islamic extremist who
participated in activities in Kuwait, which he denies.

_ Abdul Razzak was accused of being a Taliban driver and
commander of a Taliban terrorist cell in Afghanistan. He was alleged
to have conducted an escort mission for Osama bin Laden in
Jalalabad, Afghanistan, and to have been involved in assassination
attempts against Afghan officials. Razzak denies this and says he
was in Iran at the time.

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