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新德里機場是否棄用雷神?

新德里機場是否棄用雷神?
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在12月13日(星期二)的經濟發展事務委員會會議上,多名議員表示:「「雷神3/AT3/AutoTrac III」在全世界只有香港、杜拜、同印度嘅三個機場用緊,由於套嘢錯漏百出,杜拜已經停用大部份功能,新德里機場更決定喺出年棄用。」更有議員要求民航處處長去印度問下人,連印度都唔用 。

資料用源

蘋果日報在2014年4月08日 報導,「處方疑違反原則,在招標期間,Autotrac3僅在印度新德里機場試用,系統更曾在15個月內,發生六宗嚴重故障。」蘋果再在2015年3月2 8日報導,「其中使用系統後多次險出意外的印度機場已為系統重新招標。」

香港經濟日報集團旗下的電子雜誌《e-zone》則在今年11月 14日報導,「AT3 僅應用於杜拜機場,以及印度新德里國際機場、清奈機場、孟買機場,而當中因屢次發生故障,更已被印度一機場棄用。」

這裡應特別注意《e-zone》的報導方式,它先用印度新德里國際機場等,再用印度一機場,有移形換步之嫌。

雷神三目前使用情況

2013年6月美通社(3),雷神三自動化系統在為迪拜國際(DXB)(2),阿勒馬克圖姆國際(DWC)(4,5),沙迦國際(SHJ)和米哈德空軍基地提供進場和離場服務,以及為哈伊馬角國際機場提供空中交通管制服務。該系統也安裝在迪拜國際和阿勒馬克圖姆國際控制塔(15)。

它在印度(12)三個最繁忙的機場連續運行兩年(2013年):新德里(DEL),孟買(BOM)和清奈(MAA)(6)。 該系統亦由香港民航處挑選。

在1999年,新德里(DEL),孟買(BOM)的雷神2系統升級花了9千萬美元(7億港元)(13)。

電子紙條系統

留意注九的「安裝在迪拜的AT3系統包括多雷達跟踪能力,高級飛行數據處理,高級安全網功能,在線數據交換,到達和離開管理以及電子紙條系統。」它所提及的電子紙條系統是香港今次事件的爭議之一。香港部份航空交通管理員認為其電子紙條系統不方便,要回復使用之前的實體字條。

今天,香港的電子紙條系統TEFS System 出了問題,究竟它是“融合於新航空交通管理系統(航管系統)內的一個子系統”,還是如迪拜的“The AT3 system installed in Dubai includes multi-radar tracking capabilities, advanced flight data processing, advanced safety net functions, online data interchange, arrival and departure management, and electronic flight strips.”則香港民航局需要回答。

爭議之出處

它出處之二是陳偉業接受一位電子工程師的投訴,引用了2012年5月的 Hindustan Times的 報導,及2013年7月的太陽報報導,而太陽報只是重復Hindustan Times。當時的問題並非雷神3,而是電神2升級及人為失誤(14),及當時的印度航空交通員的對工作的不滿。

2011年標書爭議

英德拉系統公司以雷神在2010年6月及7月事件對其落選抗辯,但裁決在第13段解釋了,標書挑戰裁決書 2011年第2期Indra Sistemas S.A. 英德拉系統公司13 ...挑戰者(一家落選的西班牙公司),因此認為,.Auto Trac III不是一個具有經過實為有良好性能記錄的系統,因此是一個危險的系統。

但本審計委員會注意到,被投訴人在印度的第二階段沒有依賴印度的參考網站,而是評估投標條件附錄B第3項和第4項的條件是否得到滿足,以及投訴人沒有合理理由,因為在其他投標者和被投訴人之間存在的數據對雙方不具有約束力,並且未經同意,信息不能向任何其他方披露。(17)

我的意見

綜合以上,對印度事件的援引基本上是舊聞,及其標書爭議中已有解釋。而且,2010年1月的系統事故是雷神2而不是雷神3。

特別要注意的是印度只依賴雷神3做進場服務。但筆者在所有搜索中,包括印度國家民航局刊物 ( AIP),民航局年報,國際標書網站,及國際新聞報導,皆看不到新德里機場進行重新招標,及指責系統出了嚴重問題。況且,這系統才用了數年,重新招標是一重大新聞,印度國家民航局不可能不作披露。

基於此,筆者認為,重新招標說是一炒作新聞。

附錄

ATC MAASTRICHT, The Netherlands, Feb. 14, 2006 /PRNewswire/ -- Raytheon Company has released AutoTrac III, the next evolutionary step in Air Traffic Management (ATM) technology.

WASHINGTON, March 23, 2009 /PRNewswire/ -- Raytheon Company and the Dubai Department of Civil Aviation have signed a factory acceptance test certificate, an important step in delivering the AutoTrac III air traffic management system to Dubai World Central - Al Maktoum International Airport.

DUBAI AIRPORT SHOW, May 29, 2007 /PRNewswire/ -- Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN) has completed the critical design review milestone on the General Civil Aviation Authority of United Arab Emirates AutoTrac III contract.

注2

http://atcradarsim.com/dubai-airport/
18 JUN 2014
Air traffic control tower

The air traffic control tower is an 8dxb-ATC-tower7 m (285 ft) and recently installed state-of-the-art air traffic management systems designed by Raytheon.
AutoTrac III provides air traffic controllers with the latest surveillance and flight data necessary to safely guide air traffic at some of the world’s busiest airport hubs.
AutoTrac III even allows controllers to predict conflicts 99 minutes into the future during the cruise phase of flight using information transmitted by the aircraft themselves.

It helps guide planes moving in and out of Dubai International, Dubai World Central, Al Maktoum International, Sharjah International and Minhad Air Force Base, as well as air traffic control service to Ras Al Khaimah International.
The systems are fundamental to next-generation air traffic control, which will allow more direct routes across the globe and more fuel-efficent approaches to airports.

注3

PARIS, June 19, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Raytheon Company's (NYSE: RTN) latest air traffic management automation systems have successfully gone into continuous operation at two of the world's busiest airport hubs: Dallas Fort Worth in the U.S. and Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.

Dallas Fort Worth is the first of the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) high volume hubs to transition to Raytheon's Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System (STARS) automation platform as the FAA modernizes the terminal approach control facilities (TRACONs) in the National Airspace System and installs a common terminal automation system across the FAA and the U.S. Department of Defense.

Raytheon's AutoTrac III features a new generation of flight and surveillance data processing systems and it provides the software and hardware to ensure the safety of air traffic for Dubai Approach Control. It can be easily expanded to accommodate anticipated air traffic growth in the region.

AutoTrac III has been in continuous operation for two years at India's three busiest airports: New Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. The system has also been selected by the Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department.

Raytheon's AutoTrac III automation system has also successfully transitioned to continuous operation in Dubai, providing approach and departure services for Dubai International, Dubai World Central, Al Maktoum International, Sharjah International, and Minhad Air Force Base, as well as air traffic control service to Ras Al Khaimah International. The system is also installed at the Dubai International and Al Maktoum International Control Towers.

AutoTrac III has been in continuous operation for two years at India’s three busiest airports: New Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. The system has also been selected by the Hong Kong Civil Aviation Department.(2014)----- http://atcradarsim.com/

注4

Raytheon to provide ATM system to Al Maktoum airport
http://www.airport-technology.com/ news NOV 16 2011
Raytheon Company is to install its next-generation air traffic management system, AutoTrac III (AT3), at Al Maktoum International Airport in Dubai, UAE.

The AT3 system, which will be operational by 2012, will manage air traffic control automation in Dubai's terminal airspace, and will provide approach control services for Al Maktoum International Airport, Dubai International Airport, Sharjah International Airport and the Al Minhad Airbase.

The system will also support tower operations at Dubai and Al Maktoum airports.

The AT3 system installed in Dubai includes multi-radar tracking capabilities, advanced flight data processing, advanced safety net functions, online data interchange, arrival and departure management, and electronic flight strips.

The next-generation ATM technology offers clear information to air traffic controllers on a situation display, covering flights, surveillance, aeronautical and meteorological data.

注5

Dubai Airport Review 2012
http://dubaiairportsreview.com/2012/people/capacity/

During 2012 Dubai Airports brought to fruition several of these initiatives to address the airspace constraints. Key among them was the redesign of all standard arrival and departure routes in Dubai airspace to accommodate the increased volumes of aircraft flying to and from Dubai International. The new designs increase the airspace capacity and in-flight efficiency, enhance safety, save fuel and reduce CO2 emissions. Following a rigorous validation process and a thorough air traffic controller training programme, the new procedures were implemented in August 2012.

Part of this expansion included Dubai Air Navigations Service’s(DANS) decision in April to move ATC staff controlling flights in Dubai airspace (departing from and arriving to both Dubai airports) to the spacious ATC radar facility at DWC.

The move to DWC took place as part of the phased conversion to a more advanced ATC system (Raytheon AT3) which, when fully installed, will become the backbone of ATC operations in Dubai. To ensure a smooth transition, and following a thorough planning process based on international best-practice, DANS installed, tested and commenced radar control operations at DWC using equipment identical to that which controllers were using in Dubai International prior to the move.

The move is paying dividends with staff located there handling some 1,200 flights per day. ATC staff in Dubai International’s tower continues to control all aircraft on the surface and in the close vicinity of the airport.
The second and final phase saw the installation of the new air traffic control system (AT3). In the final months of 2012 the system underwent the last stages of system configuration and fine-tuning, with the system becoming operational in February 2013. The new system has improved safety nets and is better able to cope with the significant increase in traffic volumes expected at both of Dubai’s airports in the years ahead.

美通社
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates, Nov. 14, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --The company's next-generation ATM system, AutoTrac III (AT3), installed at Dubai World Central's Al Maktoum International Airport, is scheduled to be operational next year.

Raytheon is a global leader in ATM, with systems in more than 50 countries helping to control more than 60 percent of the world's airspace. Raytheon has delivered air traffic control systems across the Middle East, including installations in the U.A.E., the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Oman, Lebanon, Iraq and Kurdistan.

注6

Raytheon bags contract to automate ATC for Chennai airport
Last updated: 28 February, 2010
New Delhi, Feb 28 (PTI)

US communication and aviation company Raytheon has won a contract to automate air traffic control services at the Chennai International Airport.

The company will install its next-generation air traffic management system AutoTrac III which is expected to help reduce delays in aircraft arrival and departure, a company release said here.

The new system will also have real-time meteorological information to assist air traffic controllers in adjusting to changing weather conditions, it said.In addition to the Chennai International Airport, Raytheon is also upgrading air traffic management systems at the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai and at the Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi.

"This award continues our long-standing relationship with Airports Authority of India and its commitment to make Indian air space as safe as possible," said Andy Zogg, Raytheon Network Centric Systems vice president of Command and Control Systems.

AutoTrac III boasts of a modern, open architecture design which is fully adaptable and scaleable to fit any air traffic management environment from simple.

注7

Technology Today
2011 ISSUE 2

AutoTrac III features a new generation of flight and surveillance data processing systems to ensure the safety of air traffic. The system’s modern, open architecture design and high performance is fully adaptable and scalable to fit any air traffic management environment, from simple tower automation to a fully integrated multi-center system
Raytheon partnered with AirDat LLC to integrate data collected with its Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Report (TAMDAR) weather sensors and advanced atmospheric modeling capabilities. The information was translated through Raytheon’s Frame system and conveyed to STARS to provide environmental impact areas for route planners in terminal radar approach control facilities. Similarly, the information could also be conveyed to Raytheon’s state-of-the-art air traffic management system, AutoTrac III2. The environmental data and impact information, including reports and alerts, was conveyed to the cockpit via the EDM.

注8

Dots in the Dubai Sky: Thousands Travel to Air Show Guided by 'Invisible' Technology.

The control tower at Al Maktoum International Airport watches over planes during the 2013 Dubai Air Show. Raytheon's Auto Trac III manages all of the air traffic into the Dubai area.

The control tower at Al Maktoum International Airport watches over planes during the 2013 Dubai Air Show. Raytheon's Auto Trac III manages all of the air traffic into the Dubai area.

An invisible presence helped guide thousands of people from around the globe to the Dubai Air Show this year. Travelers likely didn't give it a second thought, but Raytheon's Auto Trac III air traffic management system, recently installed in the United Arab Emirates, played a vital role in getting passengers safely to the ground.

The system gives air traffic controllers powerful new tools and even allows them to predict conflicts 99 minutes ahead of time using information transmitted by the aircraft themselves.

"They can actually see into the future and solve problems before they happen," said Bob Meyer, Raytheon's director of air traffic systems.
AutoTrac III is in continuous operation at Dubai International, the world's fourth-busiest airfield. It also helps guide planes at Al Maktoum International, Sharjah International, Minhad Air
Force Base and Ras Al Khaimah International.

The next-generation system is fundamental to the future of air traffic control. Such systems will allow planes to fly more direct routes across the globe and take more fuel-efficient approaches to airports.

If an arriving aircraft has to circle in order to accommodate a large amount of traffic in the arrival flight pattern, it results in additional cost to the airline, Meyer said.

"Managing the traffic pattern safely, with an eye on efficiency, results in satisfied passengers and a more profitable flight for the airline itself," he said.

The advances come as experts predict a rise in air traffic, especially in the Middle East.

Raytheon flags fly near a ground control tower at Al Maktoum International Airport, site of the 2013 Dubai Air Show.

Raytheon flags fly near a ground control tower at Al Maktoum International Airport, site of the 2013 Dubai Air Show.

"Safety must remain the most essential concern in air traffic management,"said Jim McCoy, Raytheon's vice president of air traffic management. "Maintaining the highest safety standards, while bringing predictive capabilities that increase efficiency, will create a positive situation for everyone."

Raytheon has a long history of air traffic management dating back to the magnetrons, or radio transmitters, that it produced for early radar systems during World War II.

Its systems manage 60 percent of the world's airspace, and it is the leading provider of systems designed to improve the accuracy of satellite-based navigation.

Raytheon UK ,Published: 10/27/2014

注9

Raytheon to provide ATM system to Al Maktoum airport
News
NOV 16 2011

Raytheon Company is to install its next-generation air traffic management system, AutoTrac III (AT3), at Al Maktoum International Airport in Dubai, UAE.

The AT3 system, which will be operational by 2012, will manage air traffic control automation in Dubai's terminal airspace, and will provide approach control services for Al Maktoum International Airport, Dubai International Airport, Sharjah International Airport and the Al Minhad Airbase.

The system will also support tower operations at Dubai and Al Maktoum airports.

The AT3 system installed in Dubai includes multi-radar tracking capabilities, advanced flight data processing, advanced safety net functions, online data interchange, arrival and departure management, and electronic flight strips.

The next-generation ATM technology offers clear information to air traffic controllers on a situation display, covering flights, surveillance, aeronautical and meteorological data.

http://www.airport-technology.com/news/newsraytheon-to-provide-atm-syste...

注10

Air Navigation Services
https://www.gcaa.gov.ae/en/Departments/ANS/Pages/AirNavigationServices.aspx

注11

Airports Authority of India
Delhi is equipped with an ASR/MSSR with a range of 210 nautical miles and an automated ATC system (RAYTHEON). Specially designed standard procedures like SIDS and STARS are used to complement laid down ATS routes. To cope up with the periods of very low visibility due to fog, special ILS CAT III (B) equipment is installed at IGI Airport, Delhi
http://www.aai.aero/departments/reg_exec_delhi.jsp

注12

http://articles.sae.org/7766/
Raytheon to enhance air traffic management systems in India
04-Mar-2010 06:37 EST

The Airports Authority of India awarded Raytheon Co. a contract to automate air traffic control services at the Chennai International Airport. Raytheon will install AutoTrac III, its next-generation air traffic management system, to help reduce delays in aircraft arrival and departure. The system will also have real-time meteorological information to assist air traffic controllers in adjusting to changing weather conditions. In addition to the Chennai International Airport, Raytheon is upgrading air traffic management systems at the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai and at the Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi.

3 MARCH 2010
RAYTHEON TO INSTALL AUTOTRAC III AT CHENNAI AIRPORT IN INDIA
http://www.designcurial.com/news/raytheon-to-install-autotrac-iii-at-che...

http://www.rrmediagroup.com/News/NewsDetails/NewsID/5322
http://mycoordinates.org/raytheon-to-enhance-air-traffic-management-syst...

注13

After Years of Snags, Safety Concerns, India Gets New Air Navigation System
By JONATHAN KARP Staff Reporter of The Wall Street Journal
Updated Jan. 15, 1999 12:01 a.m. ET

http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB916348548362671000

NEW DELHI -- The winter fog hasn't lifted, but India's skies are already friendlier for flying.

On Thursday, India inaugurated an advanced air traffic control system built by Raytheon Co., ending years of teething problems and bureaucratic snags and replacing 25-year-old equipment that pilots say made New Delhi a dangerous destination.

The launch ceremony for the radar and navigational system took place in dense fog, which has disrupted New Delhi air travel since mid-December. Hundreds of international and domestic flights have been grounded, delayed or diverted, stranding passengers and costing airlines millions of dollars.

The new air traffic control system, part of a $90 million contract awarded to Raytheon, of Lexington, Mass., to upgrade New Delhi and Bombay airports, won't immediately eliminate fog delays because the fog is extremely thick. Air traffic controllers began using it Jan. 1, and fog has since forced the airport to close on a few nights. But the new equipment gives New Delhi important technology that could eventually let airplanes take off and land in zero visibility. More important, the enhanced radar should help prevent frequent near-misses and a repeat of the tragic 1996 midair collision near New Delhi that killed 349 people.

'State-of-the-Art' System
"Today, New Delhi has a state-of-the-art air traffic control system equal to anything in the world," says Mohan Pai, president of Raytheon India. "Two months ago, it had something archaic."

The old radar didn't show air traffic controllers the altitudes of aircraft they were directing. Radio communications were often patchy, and flight information records were written by hand instead of by computer. In November, the International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations expressed dismay by lowering its rating for New Delhi airport to deficient and for Bombay to critically deficient.

It didn't help India's reputation that the Raytheon equipment had been installed in New Delhi months before -- in March 1998 -- but the Airports Authority of India hadn't begun using it. The authority was mired in a pay dispute with air traffic controllers. The controllers also objected to certain elements of Raytheon's new system, such as headsets with one earpiece -- the international standard -- instead of the familiar two.

The controllers grudgingly relented, but their union boss warns the system is unsafe and that they won't be responsible for any air safety mishaps. "When no one is listening to you, it's better to move on," says Brijendra Shekhar, the union leader. "If something has to go wrong, it will go wrong."

Many Hurdles
Besides learning curves, Raytheon faced other hurdles that set back the project, which it won in 1993 and originally planned to complete before 1996. Electricity glitches, poor construction work and delays clearing equipment through customs hindered progress. Political instability left key posts at the airport authority vacant, meaning there were no bureaucrats to make decisions. Sometimes, plain bad luck hit. In October, just as Raytheon prepared to hand over the air traffic control system in Bombay, lightning struck the radar unit. It will take until March to rebuild the site.

Often, Raytheon stepped into the vacuum to keep the project moving, providing services that went beyond its contractual duties. For months, Raytheon and the airport authority disagreed over whether the instrument landing system in New Delhi performed up to par. Even though foreign experts sided with Raytheon, the company agreed to sell India the most sophisticated landing system at a steep discount.

India recognizes that it must invest in air safety and better airports to achieve rapid economic growth and stimulate tourism, and Raytheon hopes to win more business in this vast country.

The latest deal, for the instrument landing system, was closed in mid-December, just as the heavy fog descended. To show goodwill, Raytheon rushed the equipment to India two months ahead of the contract's deadline.

注14

DELHI AIRPORT SYSTEM CRASH DUE TO MANUAL PROCEDURAL ERROR: RAYTHEON
Wed, 20 Jan 2010-05:52pm , New Delhi , PTI
http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report-delhi-airport-system-crash-due-to-m...

On the evening of January 14, the automation system at the ATC tower crashed while Raytheon's Auto Trac II system was being upgraded.

The crash of the air traffic management (ATM) system at IGI Airport last week, endangering large number of lives, seems to have been caused by "a manual procedural error", a US technology firm which is upgrading the aviation technology here, said today.

As enquiries by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)and Airports Authority of India (AAI) were continuing, Raytheon said, "the interruption of the ATM system appears to have been caused by a manual procedural error."

On the evening of January 14, the automation system at the ATC tower crashed while Raytheon's AutoTrac II system was being upgraded. This led to severe air traffic congestion over the Delhi air space which could have endangered lives.

The US company's AutoTrac III system, which is currently in 'shadow' mode or is operational but not being fully used, "was quickly put into service to mitigate the impact on flight operations", a Raytheon spokesperson said in a statement from Washington.

"We have been working with our customer since the incident occurred to help with AAI's on-going inquiry and to determine what additional procedural steps can be taken to prevent future interruptions," he said.

Maintaining that Raytheon would continue to assist AAI in its ongoing investigations into the incident, he claimed that Autotrac-II, which is currently being operated by the ATC here, has been installed at over 30 locations around the world and has "an excellent performance record".

注15

Raytheon aids Saudis on air traffic
Nov. 18, 2009 at 5:20 PM
RIYADH, Saudi Arabia, Nov. 18 (UPI) -- Defense contractor Raytheon has won a contract from Saudi Arabia to help expand its nationwide air traffic management system.

The terms of the deal have yet to be disclosed, but the agreement was announced at an international Air Show, currently taking place in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Local reports suggest the air traffic management will take place throughout the kingdom based on cooperative surveillance. The system is also expected to boost flight safety for Saudi Arabia's booming domestic airline sector and bolster the efficiency of the kingdom's traffic management system.

"Under the program, 21 systems with supporting infrastructure will be deployed for en route service," Trade Arabia reported.

"Raytheon will also establish a regional maintenance facility within the kingdom to support the systems," it added of the deal that was awarded by the Saudi Arabian General Authority of Civil Aviation.

The facility is intended to support other navigation service providers in the greater Middle East region.

Raytheon, based in Waltham, Mass., has been trying to tap into the specific industry, arguing the existence of a burgeoning market as governments in the Middle East move to replace or refurbishing outdated airport security infrastructure. The rise in terrorist threats has also propelled Middle East governments to bolster airport security measures.

The Saudi deal is one of two agreements that Raytheon has clinched recently for its air traffic management solutions.

Oman, for example, recently chose Raytheon to shield its new Muscat International Airport with a state-of-the-art radar system.

"Air traffic control and radar system is a business we've been in for 50 years and in 80 countries," Jerry Toby, vice president of international business development for Raytheon's Network Centric Systems divisions, was quoted as saying during the Dubai Air Show.

"But we've been branching out in the last six to eight years into supplying solutions for critical infrastructure."

Raytheon has also signed on to a similar deal with the local Kurdistan government in northern Iraq. Its security solutions there are expected to focus on access control, vehicle screening as well as passenger and baggage checking.

"A lot of airports in the region were built 20 years ago. In those days it was more about people stealing things or someone straying onto the runway," Toby said. "Today it is a completely different environment."

The Saudi system's first testing is expected by the end of the month.

注16

Raytheon to assist U.K air traffic control
Oct. 18, 2012 at 3:20 PM

HARLOW, England, Oct. 18 (UPI) -- Raytheon UK will provide logistical support for air traffic control infrastructure in Britain under a 15-year multimillion dollar award from NATS Holdings.

NATS, formerly known as National Air Traffic Services Ltd., is the country's principal air navigation service with 23 en-route radar sites.

Under the award, Raytheon UK provide technical assistance, radar repair, materials for maintenance and manage obsolescence issues.

"NATS' en-route radar sites are integral to U.K. air traffic control, providing data used for the control of the majority of aircraft movements in U.K. airspace," said Richard Daniel, Raytheon UK managing director for the Defense and Air Traffic business. "This contract will run until 2028 and will see Raytheon continue to support NATS over the full lifetime of these systems.

"Winning this contract demonstrates the capability of the Radar Site Services project team in delivering two previous support contracts, and enhances the company's relationship with NATS."

Added David Hawken, NATS general manager for engineering service delivery: "Raytheon has worked with us for the past eight years managing the maintenance of our radar sites across the UK and, based on performance, was a logical choice to continue that support over the next 15 years."

注17

Bill Challenge No.2 of 2011
Indra Sistemas S. A.

13 …The Compliant says, therefore, .Auto Trac III was not a system with a proven performance record and hence a risky system to adopt.

But this Board notes that the Respondent did not rely on the reference site in India under Stage 2 of its assessment as to whether the conditions in the Conditions of Tender Appendix B Item 3 and 4 were satisfied, and this the Complainant was not in a position to dispute because data existing between other tenderers and the Respondent were privy to the parties and information was not disclosable to any other party without consent.

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