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印尼移民工人致總統佐科維:立法保障印尼移民工人,停止超收費用

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印尼移民工人致總統佐科維:立法保障印尼移民工人,停止超收費用

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IMWs to Pres. Jokowi:

Legal Protection for IMWs, Stop Overcharging

印尼移民工人致總統佐科維:

立法保障印尼移民工人,停止超收費用

It is with fervent hope that we wish President Joko Widodo, in his historical visit to Hong Kong, to not prioritize investment and business cooperation over the rights of Indonesian migrant workers (IMWs).

我們熱切地希望,總統佐科·維多多先生在他那歷史性的訪港行程中,不要把投資與商業的合作凌駕於印尼移民工人的權利上。

1.Set legal protection for IMWs as workers.
1.視印尼移民工人為工人,設立法律保障

Under Indonesian law, IMWs are not considered as workers. Therefore IMWs are deployed abroad without legal protection and guaranty to their basic rights. For years, the Indonesian government has relegated its task to private agencies and forced IMWs to accept abusive and exploitative arrangements that had led to numerous cases of violence, abuse and even death. Violations such as overcharging, underpayment, falsification and confiscation of travel documents, confinement, verbal, physical and even sexual abuses are rampant. Yet, the Indonesian government does not provide legal mechanism for IMWs to file cases against erring recruitment agencies and claim compensation for damages they have suffered.

在印尼法律底下,印尼移民工人不被當作工人。因此,印尼移民工人被調到海外工作卻沒有法律保障和基本權利的保證。這麼多年來,印尼政府將這些責任都推到私人中介身上,並強迫印尼移民工人接受虐待性及剝削性的安排,引致了大量的暴力、虐待甚至是死亡的個案。暴力行為包括超收費用、少付工資、偽造和沒收旅行證件、禁錮、口頭或物理或甚至是性方面的虐待也是猖獗的。然而,印尼政府並沒有提供法律機制讓印尼移民工人落案反抗那些犯事的招聘機構、因著所遭受的傷害而追討賠償。

2.Stop overcharging and compensate the victims.

2.停止超收費用,賠償給受害者
The Indonesian government has allowed recruitment agencies to charge IMWs with very high fees in processing the contract. Under the Ministerial Decree, new IMWs are supposed to pay IDR14,800,000 (HK$8,627), but the fees reportedly collected range from HK$15,000 to HK$30,000 deducted from 6-8 months of salary. To add more burden, the government does not allow IMWs to change to a different agency before the completion of 2-year contract.
印尼政府容許招聘機構在訂立合約期間收取印尼移民工人非常高的費用。在部長法令之下,新的印尼移民工人要付14,800,000印尼盾(即港幣8,627元),但報告顯示移工被收取的費用實際上高達港幣15,000元到港幣30,000,由6-8個月的薪金裡扣取。百上加斤的是,在完成兩年合約之前,政府不容許印尼移民工人轉換中介。

While those already in Hong Kong are supposed to pay 10% of agency fee, but in reality many pay between HK$1,500 to HK$15,000. Likewise, the Indonesian Consulate openly rejects assisting migrant workers who complain of paying much higher than what is legally allowed.

那些已經在港的工人應該只須付首個月工資的10%作中介費,但在現實上很多人都要付港幣1,500元到15,000元的費用。 同樣地,印尼領事館公開地拒絕協助那些被違法收取過高中介費的移工。

3.Stop confiscation of IMW’s travel documents and prosecute the agency.

3.停止沒收移工的旅行證件,與及檢控中介

Many Hong Kong-based agencies confiscate IMWs’ travel documents as guarantee to force IMWs to pay the high recruitment fees and not escape when they are abused in the employer’s houses. Though regular reports had been submitted to Indonesian Consulate and Hong Kong police, no significant move to combat this human right violation has been done by either government agency.

很多香港的中介公司都會沒收印尼移民工人的旅行證件,以強迫他們付清高額中介費,而且受到虐待時也不會逃離僱主的家。即使經常有報告呈交給印尼領事館及香港警察,他們還是沒有採取行動去杜絕這種侵犯人權的行為。

4.Improve working condition and ensure safety of IMWs in Hong Kong.

4.改善印尼移民工人的工作條件和確保他們在港的安全

Due to the live-in and two-week visa policies, IMWs suffer 12-18 long working hours, inadequate foods, improper accommodation, made to clean window exteriors and use chemical in the employer’s houses. Yet the wage remains very low. As a result, IMWs suffer various health deterioration and 20 have reportedly died last year.

肇禍於強制同住政策及兩星期條例,印尼移民工人每天工作高達12-18小時, 沒有足夠食物,不當的住宿安排、被要求用化學品抹洗高樓外的窗。還有,工資的升幅非常緩慢。結果,印尼移民工人健康惡化,去年更有20人死亡。

In his electoral campaign, President Jokowi promised he would reform the law that prioritizes the rights of IMWs. Sadly, in his two years, he has not delivered it yet.

在總統佐科維的選舉活動裡,他承諾會改革法律提升印尼移民工人的權利。令人傷心的是,在兩任任期裡,他還沒有實現承諾。

The moratorium and so-called zero domestic workers policy has yet another failure in addressing the issues of safety and protection of IMWs. As its consequence, cases of illegal recruitment and human trafficking increase.

停止輸出移工與及所謂的零家務工政策,也是應對保障印尼移民工人安全議題的失敗對策。可以見到,這不過是導致非法聘用與人口販賣的情況加劇。

President Jokowi must now take urgently and seriously the demand by recognizing IMWs as workers and to make direct hiring an option instead of forcing IMWs – whether new or continuing migrants – to go through recruitment agencies. He must criminalize overcharging and prosecute erring recruitment agencies.

總統佐科維必須現在接納這個緊急而且認真的訴求-承認印尼移民工人是工人,讓直接聘用(新工人或續約工人)成為一個選擇,取代強迫移工經招聘機構外出工作的操作。他必須為超收費用定罪,檢控犯事的招聘機構。

We hope eradicating high agency fees, ensuring safety and security and IMWs rights will be Jokowi’s major agendas in his meeting with In his meeting with Chief Executive.

我們希望根除高額中介費、實現安全和保障、與及印尼移民工人的權利成為佐科維與特首會面的主要議程。

We hope the meeting and greeting with IMWs community in Hong Kong on April 30 will not be another show without commitment to realize our long standing demands.

我們希望,他與印尼移民工人社群於4月30日在香港的會面和問好,不會變成另一場表演,而拒絕承諾實現我們長期的要求的表演。

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